Islamic Concepts Database – ICD


The Quran Blog - Enlighten Yourself

1.1 Explanation: Human Acts of Those Morally Responsible – af’âl al-mukallifiin (according to the Shâfi’i school where there is no distinction between fard and wâjib except concerning the pilgrimage)

English

Arabic

How has Allah, the Lawgiver defined the act:

someone who performs it:

someone who refrains from it:

the
obligatory act

farD

that which the Lawgiver strictly requires be done

he is rewarded, if it is performed out of obedience to Allah

a person who refrains from it without excuse deserves to be punished

the
sunna / recommended act

sunna
or
mandûb

that which the Lawgiver asks be done, but does not strictly require it

he is rewarded, if it is performed out of obedience to Allah

someone who refrains from it is not punished

the
permissible act

mubâH

that which the Lawgiver has neither requested nor prohibited

the person who does it is not rewarded nor is he punished

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